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China: Challenges and prospects from an industrial and innovation powerhouse


Alessandro ANNONI

Brussels : Publications Office of the European Union

eISBN: 978-92-76-02997-7
ISSN: 1018-5593
eISSN: 1831-9424
DOI: 10.2760/445820

125 pages



This report analyses China’s approach to attaining a dominant position in international markets through a combination of industrial, Research & Innovation (R&I), trade and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policies. It also offers an assessment of China’s current position compared to the EU and US innovation systems across a range of dimensions.


>> 1 Made in China 2025: a strategy to achieve industrial modernisation
>> 2 China is increasing its share in manufacturing global value chains, particularly in high-tech sectors
>> 3 EU jobs embodied in exports to China are still more productive
>> 4 China increasingly controls firms in the EU
>> 5 EU-China venture capital flows are minor compared to those between the US and China
>> 6 Chinese banks are financing European firms, particularly those acquired by Chinese firms
>> 7 EU investments in China suffer from reciprocity concerns
>> 8 China: an uneven playing field for European companies
>> 9 China has become a research & innovation powerhouse
>> 10 The US benefits more than the EU from China’s rise in science & technology
>> 11 Genomics
>> 12 Artificial intelligence
>> 13 Advanced manufacturing and industrial robotics
>> 14 Quantum technologies
>> 15 Nuclear energy
>> 16 New energy vehicles and equipment
>> 17 Wind energy equipment
>> 18 Solar photovoltaics
>> 19 China is on track to achieve global industrial leadership in key sectors